Fuels


Bebeka supplies a complete range of fuel products worldwide. Thanks to our large network, these products meet the best fuel specifications available.
 

Generally speaking, fuels for the shipping industry can be divided into two main groups:

 

Residual products

These are heavy products based on the residue that is left after the oil refining process. This residue is the base product for heavy fuel oils which are supplied to the shipping industry worldwide. The specifications of a ship's engine determine whether the thickness (i.e. viscosity) of a type of fuel oil is suitable for that specific type of engine. The viscosity of heavy products varies from 30 to 700 centistokes. Lower viscosity can be achieved by mixing a heavy product with a lighter product. The technical term for this is blending. In addition to viscosity requirements (and other ISO specifications), the products also have to meet requirements concerning sulphur content. In many regions, these requirements depend on local legislation and regulations intended to reduce sulphur emissions. To meet increasingly strict requirements, heavy residual products are often mixed with lighter products.

 

Distillates

These are high-quality lighter products created during the oil refining process. The most common distillate in the shipping industry is marine gasoil, also known as gasoil. As a result of legislation and regulations, the sulphur content of distillates is also subject to a maximum in an increasing number of regions. Regulations differ in terms of the types of products that are allowed in international waters and ports. For segments like inland navigation, even stricter limits have been established for the sulphur content of gasoil.
 

Fuel quality is usually determined using the ISO 8217 specifications, in which a large number of parameters have been defined. The ISO 8217 specifications are regularly modified, for instance as a result of technical developments in ship's engines. The ISO 8217:2010 fuel specification is the most recent one, but also the ISO 8217:2005 specification is still commonly used worldwide.
 

Besides purchasing bunkers worldwide one of our other main activities are advising our members on changes in legislation and regulations, the best time to order, technical specifications and other important matters. We also offer additional services, such as Fuel Quality Testing and Bunker Quantity Surveys.



Information on legislation and regulations by the IMO and EU

 

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